Puerto Guayaquil Authority
Puerto Bolívar Authority
La Autoridad Portuaria de Manta
Aduana del Ecuador - Seaport
Ecuador has four commercial state-owned ports, which are independently managed. In order to compete with the emerging port facilities that have been privatized in the region, Ecuador has decentralized the control of its ports and has given them the autonomy to promote themselves individually and seek partnerships with private consortiums experienced in the port industry. The Port of Esmeraldas, Consorcio Puerto Nuevo Milenium S.A., located in the northern coast of the country facing the Pacific Ocean and next to the entrance to the Esmeraldas River, has the most advanced concession process. It constitutes 11% of the national cargo movement and handled about 800 thousand metric tons of cargo during the year 2000. There are seven firms (two national and five international) that have pre-qualified to participate in the concession bid for Esmeraldas. CONAM estimates that this whole pre-qualification process will take approximately 60 days and then, they will be able to proceed with the formal biding. It is the principal port of the north of the country and possesses the largest refinery of Ecuador.
The rest of the ports, Bolivar, Guayaquil and Manta are initiating their promotional phases, for which they are organizing international road shows and promoting their ports in other marketing venues. CONAM foresees that these ports should be in the concession process in about 10 months. The Port of Bolivar, which represented 23% of the national cargo movement during the year 2000 or 1.7 million metric tons of bananas, is located in the Province of El Oro. The Port of Guayaquil, located in the Gulf of Guayaquil, had a cargo movement of 4.6 million metric tons or 61% of the national cargo. The Port of Manta is located in the city of Manta and has direct access to the international navigation routes. It moved approximately 360 thousand metric tons of cargo in the year 2000 and represents 5% of Ecuador’s national cargo. Ecuador’s port sector is estimated to grow about 8.7% per year.
The Guayas Province is home to Guayaquil, Ecuador's largest city and chief port. Guayaquil's Puerto Marítimo opened in 1964 and now handles approximately 90% of Ecuador's imports and nearly 50% of its exports. Known more for its commercial prowess than as a vacation spot.
The Puerto Bolívar Authority Port was created in 1970. The amplification of the Port began in November of 1974 with the construction of the marginal docks in an extension of 360 mts, this way the capacity was enlarged from the Port to four berths. The second part of the amplification consists on the construction of two berths of 200 meters each one and the adaptation of the existent facilities to modernize the facilities of the port.
MARITIME DOCUMENTSAll ships bound for Ecuador have to bear the maritime traffic documents duly legalized in the Ecuadorian Consulate’s jurisdiction of the port of origin, or the last port before arriving to Ecuador.
Four copies of all the documents are to be turned in at the Consulate in the forms provided by the General Direction of the Merchant Marine and Coasts, thoroughly signed by the ship owner or his representative.
BALLAST DECLARATIONIn order to legalize the declaration to go in ballast, the ship’s owner or his representative will present a letter stating that he has not received cargo for any port in Ecuador and that the ship’s landfall will stay in the same condition. It should include the name of the ship, the number of the trip and the name of the port of arrival in Ecuador. This may be presented in the company’s own stationery.
The fee for this legalization is $15 for each hundred tons or fractions of its gross registry.
CREW LISTTo legalize the Crew List, the captain or ship’s owner will fill out the form called "Rol de Tripulación" with the names of everyone in the crew of the ship, their position, their citizenship and passport numbers. It should include as well the name of the ship, the number of the trip, and the port of arrival in Ecuador.
The fee for legalizing the Crew’s List is $90.
ALTERATIONS TO THE CREW LISTTo legalize the alterations to the Crew List, the captain of the ship will submit the form called "Alteración a la lista de tripulantes" in which the variations in the crew’s list are recorded. It should include as well the ship’s name, the number of the trip, and the port of arrival in Ecuador.
The fee for this legalization is $30.
CREW’S PERSONAL EFFECTS LISTTo legalize the Crew’s personal effects list, the captain of the ship has to submit the form called "Declaración de efectos de la tripulación" in which the belongings of the crew are detailed. It should include as well the name of the ship, the number of the trip, and the port of arrival in Ecuador. The fee for this legalization is $20.
SHIP’S SUPPLIES OR PANTRY LISTTo legalize the Ship’s Supplies or Pantry List, the captain of the ship will submit the form called "Lista de rancho" with the description of the supplies, medicines, armament, and other items and parts necessary for the ship maintenance and the crew sustenance. It should include the name of the ship, the number of the trip, and the port of arrival in Ecuador. The fee for this legalization is $50.
PASSENGER LISTTo legalize the Passenger List, the captain of the ship will submit the form called "Lista de pasajeros" with the list of the passengers with destination to Ecuadorian ports. It should include the name of the ship, the number of the trip, and the port of arrival in Ecuador. The fee for this legalization is $10 for each passenger on board.
LEGALIZATION OF PASSENGER LISTTo legalize the list of passengers when there are no passengers in the ship to be declared, the captain of the ship will submit the Passenger List form stating that the ship is not transporting passengers with destination to any Ecuadorian ports. It should include as well the name of the ship, the number of the trip, And the port of arrival in Ecuador.
This transaction is free of cost.
LEGALIZATION OF MAIL WAY BILLTo legalize the Mail Way Bill, the Shipping Agency will submit the form called "Guía de correos" with the Post Office certification of the mail received with destination to Ecuador, stating the origin and destination of the mail, the number of pieces and its weight. It should include as well the ship’s name, the number of the trip, and the port of arrival in Ecuador. There is no fee for this transaction.
LEGALIZATION OF MARITIME SANITARY DECLARATIONTo legalize the Maritime Sanitary Declaration, the ship captain will submit the form called "Declaración marítima de sanidad" with the description of the health condition of the crew and the health incidents occurred during the trip. It should include the name of the ship, the number of the trip, and the port of arrival in Ecuador. There is no fee for this transaction.
LEGALIZATION OF GENERAL DECLARATIONTo legalize the General Declaration, the captain or the shipping agent will submit the form called "Declaración general". This document states the name of the ship, its type, the nationality, the registry, the gross and net tonnage, the cargo description, the name of the captain, number of members of the crew and of passengers, and the itinerary of the ship. There is no fee for this transaction.